Batik stamp marks are widely used in Indonesia to mark the place of origin, a distinctive mark of identity for a country.
The mark also provides a way for people to distinguish between local products from foreign brands.
But in recent years, the use of batik stamps has spread to more than 100 countries.
In Indonesia, it has become increasingly common for people across the country to crossword puzzle, to mark their place of birth, and to mark a geographical landmark.
In 2016, Indonesia recorded more than 1,000,000 crossword puzzles, marking more than 6 million locations in the country.
And in 2018, a government-backed initiative aimed at improving the literacy rate for children aged six to 17 in Indonesia saw the number of crossword-solving puzzles rise from 5.2 million in 2020 to 12.2 billion in 2021.
“The number of children using crossword solvers has doubled every year since 2020,” said Erick Kuzman, a specialist in Indonesia’s literacy statistics.
“In 2021, it was 4.2 trillion.
That is nearly three times as many as the number that had been using it for three years in 2020.”
But despite increasing use, the number still remains low compared to other countries.
In the United States, for example, nearly 60 percent of the population has a bachelor’s degree or higher, according to census data.
In Indonesia, the figure is just 17 percent.
Kuzman said the rise in the number may be because Indonesia has one of the world’s most successful literacy campaigns.
The national literacy program has helped the country maintain its place in the world rankings for education, literacy and health.
“We have the largest number of teachers in the region, so it has to be done with good education and good skills,” Kuzmans colleague, Mulya Gumburtho, said.
Kushil Bhatnagar, an expert in the field of education and health policy at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, said that the use and proliferation of batis in Indonesia was also important for the country’s economy.
“If we were to see the rise of bati in the whole of the country, we would have to say that bati has a significant impact on the Indonesian economy,” he said.
“It would have a very big impact on how we manage the economy.”
Bhatnagar said the rapid increase in the use by citizens and businesses was a major contributor to the countrys economic growth.
“A lot of the businesses that we are talking about, for instance, restaurants, that have been struggling to survive and sustain themselves, we see the impact of this,” he told CBC News.
“That’s when the government starts thinking about what are we going to do to solve this.”
Kuzmans study found that Indonesia has the second highest number of people with no formal qualifications in the World Bank’s ranking of countries with the lowest levels of literacy.
That means that people with less education than 30 years old can’t find jobs in many sectors.
Kuban, the government spokesperson, said the country had taken steps to improve literacy and that it had set up literacy training and an awareness campaign to educate citizens on the benefits of batiki.
The government also launched a pilot project to develop a digital literacy platform.
“There are many things we are doing to make sure that our citizens are aware of what they are doing,” he added.
“They are aware that they can use batik and that they have a lot of possibilities to participate in this process.”